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Changes for DemocracyActors, Structures, Processes$
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Leonardo Morlino

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572533.001.0001

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What Theory in Democratization Studies?

What Theory in Democratization Studies?

(p.6) (p.7) 1 What Theory in Democratization Studies?
Changes for Democracy

Leonardo Morlino

Oxford University Press

In order to understand what theoretical contribution empirical research should provide within democratization studies, first, a critical overview of theories of institutional change is provided. The empirical results and the debate on democratization studies, and transition from authoritarianism and to democracy, are also analysed. Such a broad overview gives the possibility of assessing the rich theoretical contributions effectively developed in comparative politics and singles out what are the theoretical advances to make. Before going in this direction the chapter stresses how democratization has to be broken down into different processes (transition to democracy and democratic installation, democratic consolidation and crisis, qualities deepening or worsening), which can have different theoretical goals. The goal of theoretical pluralism emerges from the literature and direct research experience. However, singling out mechanisms or better processes at the core of those same macro-processes is a key task for necessary theoretical developments.

Keywords:   institutional change, theory, democratization, process, mechanism

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