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Changes for DemocracyActors, Structures, Processes$
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Leonardo Morlino

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572533.001.0001

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External Anchoring

External Anchoring

(p.144) 6 External Anchoring
Changes for Democracy

Leonardo Morlino

Oxford University Press

The analysis of external anchoring is developed in two different directions: the key mechanisms that allow the process of anchoring to take place and are the connections with the internal actors. The empirical research revealed that the external/internal nexus is characterized by a chain of anchoring where, if successful, there are the following steps: continuous conditionality actions, creation of opportunities, perception of them by different elites and citizens, weakening of veto players, shift in cost-benefit balance, rule adoption, more substantive transformations, rule implementation and related monitoring, and rule internalization when also structural or deeply rooted cultural factors are changed or reassessed differently. The possibility that the research results may be similar if other areas are considered is also assessed.

Keywords:   anchoring, conditionality, socialization, veto player

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