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Democracy within PartiesCandidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences$
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Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572540

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.001.0001

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Candidate Selection, Political Parties, and Democracy

Candidate Selection, Political Parties, and Democracy

(p.165) 10 Candidate Selection, Political Parties, and Democracy
Democracy within Parties

Reuven Y. Hazan (Contributor Webpage)

Gideon Rahat (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the question: Which candidate selection method better serves democracy? It argues that democracy should be understood and achieved in terms of both intraparty selection and interparty election. However, there is no single method that ideally serves three important democratic goals: expressing democratic norms (participation, competition) and producing democratic outputs (representation, responsiveness); the liberal democratic diffusion of political power; and maintaining the health of the political party. The chapter proposes an arguably optimal multistage candidate selection method based on three different selectorates, using moderate requirements for candidacy, and allowing the national center a say in candidate selection. If democracy is defined as more than just participation, then the most democratic candidate selection method will attempt to achieve as much as possible of all three democratic goals, without extracting too high a price on any, and will also be the best candidate selection method for democracy.

Keywords:   candidate selection, political parties, democracy, intraparty democracy, liberal democracy, participation, inclusiveness, representation, competition, responsiveness

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