Candidacy tells us who is eligible to present himself/herself in the candidate selection process of a single political party at a particular point in time. The restrictions and requirements applied to potential candidates are the defining elements that will allow us to classify candidacy on a continuum according to the level of inclusiveness or exclusiveness. An age limit is a common restriction, while a minimum period of party membership is a frequent requirement. Incumbents are a special category of candidates, and some parties have sought to shake up their lists of candidates either by making automatic reselection less common or by adding hurdles to the reselection of incumbents. Democratization is one of the more recent and interesting trends in candidate selection. In order to democratize candidacy, parties have to reduce the restrictions on eligibility, thereby creating a much larger pool of potential candidates.
Keywords: candidate selection, political parties, candidacy requirements and restrictions, eligibility, inclusiveness of candidacy, exclusiveness of candidacy, age limit, party membership, incumbency, democratization
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