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Democracy within PartiesCandidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences$
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Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572540

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.001.0001

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Appointment and Voting Systems

Appointment and Voting Systems

(p.72) 5 Appointment and Voting Systems
Democracy within Parties

Reuven Y. Hazan (Contributor Webpage)

Gideon Rahat (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

While the study of electoral systems is highly developed, intraparty voting systems used in candidate selection are largely ignored due to problems of accessibility to data. In a voting system, votes alone determine the candidates' positions on a list, or in a constituency. When this condition is not fulfilled, then we are dealing with an appointment system, or with a mixed‐voting appointment system. In a single‐round voting system, all candidates for realistic positions are selected at one time. In a multi‐round system, realistic positions on a list, or realistic candidacies in constituencies, are gradually selected. This chapter classifies the voting systems in use by political parties around the world into four categories, ranging from majoritarian to proportional with two categories in between. A party that replaces appointment with voting, or even adds voting to a process that was formerly conducted through appointment, is democratizing its selection method.

Keywords:   candidate selection, political parties, democratization, voting system, appointment system, appointment‐voting system, single‐round voting system, multi‐round voting system, majoritarian systems, proportional systems

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