In order to explain what political competition is in the context of candidate selection, this chapter examines the ways that scholars have operationalized competition within political parties and suggests measurements for intraparty competition. It then assesses the impact of candidate selection methods on competition, beginning with the influence of candidacy. This is followed by a search for evidence of the linkage between the level of inclusiveness of the selectorate and levels of competition. The chapter subsequently shows that territorial decentralization is the main explanation for low competition within parties and also examines the impact of social decentralization. Next, it analyzes the influences of appointment/voting systems and of multistage methods on levels of competitiveness. It then looks at the impact of changing the candidate selection method itself on intraparty competition. The chapter ends by examining the influence of intraparty competition on the fortunes of the parties in the general elections.
Keywords: candidate selection, political parties, political competition, measurements of competition, candidacy and competition, selectorate and competition, voting systems and competition, appointment and competition
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