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Democracy within PartiesCandidate Selection Methods and Their Political Consequences$
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Reuven Y. Hazan and Gideon Rahat

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572540

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572540.001.0001

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(p.145) 9 Responsiveness
Democracy within Parties

Reuven Y. Hazan (Contributor Webpage)

Gideon Rahat (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses each of the four main dimensions of candidate selection (candidacy, selectorate, decentralization, and voting/appointment) according to its impact on different aspects of responsiveness. It begins with a discussion of political party unity, seeing high levels of unity as a sign of party‐centered responsiveness and low levels of it as a sign of candidate‐centered responsiveness. It then assesses the relationship between candidate selection and party unity, addressing each of the four dimensions and showing how the influence of different candidate selection methods on responsiveness can vary significantly. The chapter also deals with an important associated aspect that is relevant for responsiveness in particular, party financing, and points to its relationship with candidate selection. Throughout the chapter there is a constant reflection on the influence of the democratization of candidate selection, particularly as two contrasting approaches are delineated and empirical data is presented.

Keywords:   candidate selection, political parties, democratization, responsiveness, party unity, party financing, candidacy and responsiveness, selectorate and responsiveness, decentralization and responsiveness, voting systems and responsiveness, appointment and responsiveness

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