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The Politics of Party FundingState Funding to Political Parties and Party Competition in Western Europe$
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Michael Koß

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572755

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572755.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2021

The Introduction of State Funding to Political Parties from a New Institutionalist Perspective

The Introduction of State Funding to Political Parties from a New Institutionalist Perspective

Chapter:
(p.26) 3 The Introduction of State Funding to Political Parties from a New Institutionalist Perspective
Source:
The Politics of Party Funding
Author(s):

Michael Koß

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572755.003.0003

This chapter discusses existing hypotheses about the reasons for the introduction of state funding to political parties and links them to one of the main new institutionalist approaches. From a rational choice perspective, state funding to political parties is a response to rising costs of political competition. However, these costs have risen in all democracies, no matter whether state funding has been introduced. From a historical institutionalist perspective, the introduction of state funding is, for instance, linked to étatiste traditions. This explanation fails to explain why, in some countries, no state funding exists despite influential étatiste traditions, or why state funding was only introduced when these traditions were actually eroding. Normative institutionalist approaches link the introduction of state funding with a specific logic of appropriateness which, for instance, prompted a perception of parties as ‘public utilities’. In order to avoid such barely falsifiable arguments, the next chapter refers to actor-based institutionalism.

Keywords:   new institutionalism, rational choice institutionalism, historical institutionalism, normative institutionalism, state funding to political parties

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