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The Politics of Party FundingState Funding to Political Parties and Party Competition in Western Europe$
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Michael Koß

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572755

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572755.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

The Party Systems

The Party Systems

(p.59) 5 The Party Systems
The Politics of Party Funding

Michael Koß

Oxford University Press

This chapter comparatively analyses the party systems of the countries examined in the book, using indicators related to vote-seeking (format, fragmentation, asymmetry, and volatility), policy-seeking (ideological polarization), and office-seeking (segmentation) between 1949 and 2007. Whereas the indicators linked to vote-seeking show no correlation with the development of party funding regimes, this is the case both for polarization and segmentation: In all four countries, the ideological distance of political parties is generally narrower prior to the introduction or reforms of state funding to political parties. Furthermore, the party systems of those countries with substantial state funding (Germany and Sweden) are less segmented (i.e. parties have more coalition options) than those of the United Kingdom and France, where state funding for a long time played no significant role. This is first evidence of a link between policy- and office-seeking and state funding to political parties.

Keywords:   party systems, format, fragmentation, asymmetry, volatility, polarization, segmentation

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