Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Childhood Obesity PreventionInternational Research, Controversies and Interventions$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jennifer A. O'Dea and Michael Eriksen

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572915

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 January 2021

Childhood obesity in the Middle Eastern countries with special reference to Iran

Childhood obesity in the Middle Eastern countries with special reference to Iran

(p.174) Chapter 15 Childhood obesity in the Middle Eastern countries with special reference to Iran
Childhood Obesity Prevention

Kelishadi Roya

Oxford University Press

In the last two decades, obesity rates have increased in developing countries experiencing a rapid epidemiologic transition, especially in terms of adopting a Western lifestyle involving decreased physical activity and overconsumption of cheap, energy-dense food. The Middle East, Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia, and China appear to face the greatest threat. This growing health problem is also affecting the children of these countries, with a paradox of concurrent childhood underweight/obesity existing in many of these countries. Childhood obesity is also developing in the Middle Eastern countries, largely in response to social and economic changes. The differences between the age groups reported in this chapter, the subjects' living area (urban/rural) as well as the BMI cut-offs used make the comparisons difficult. In general, Middle Eastern studies show that the prevalence of childhood obesity in Iran is lower than Arab countries in the region and some parts of Turkey; this may be due to both genetic and lifestyle differences between Iranian and Arab nations. Until few years ago, childhood under-nutrition has been the major nutritional problem in many Middle-Eastern countries, and still it is the focus of nutritional policies and related medical education curriculum. However, the higher prevalence of overweight than underweight obtained in aforementioned surveys is alarming, and confirms the importance of considering childhood overweight as a health priority. This should be taken into account for all Middle Eastern countries that are expected to bear one of the world's greatest increases in the burden of chronic diseases, notably diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, in the next two decades. Given that the Middle Eastern populations are facing the world's greatest increment in the absolute burden of future diabetes, preventive measures should be considered from early life.

Keywords:   children, adolescents, epidemiology, comparison, Iran, Middle East, social class, income, socioeconomic status, SES

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .