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Ultracold Atoms in Optical LatticesSimulating quantum many-body systems$
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Maciej Lewenstein, Anna Sanpera, and Verònica Ahufinger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199573127

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573127.001.0001

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Many-body physics from a quantum information perspective

Many-body physics from a quantum information perspective

(p.340) 12 Many-body physics from a quantum information perspective
Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices

Maciej Lewenstein

Anna Sanpera

Verònica Ahufinger

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with the novel characterisation of many-body physics using tools from quantum information theory. The first part focuses on the theory of entanglement, where the basic notions as bipartite versus multipartite entanglement, measures of entanglement, and the link between entangled states completely positive maps are discussed. The second part deals with the concept of area law, relating the von Neumann measure of the entropy of a subsystem with the size of the system for gapped, critical, and topological systems. The entanglement content in critical quantum systems is studied in reference to quantum phase transitions. Finally, the round states of many-body systems with a tensor network representation are described.

Keywords:   quantum information, Schmidt decomposition, entanglement, area law, matrix product states, tensor network representation

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