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The Conceptual Framework of Quantum Field Theory$
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Anthony Duncan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199573264

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573264.001.0001

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Dynamics IV: Aspects of locality: clustering, microcausality, and analyticity

Dynamics IV: Aspects of locality: clustering, microcausality, and analyticity

(p.132) 6 Dynamics IV: Aspects of locality: clustering, microcausality, and analyticity
The Conceptual Framework of Quantum Field Theory

Anthony Duncan

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 discussed two possible approaches to constructing a relativistically invariant theory of particle scattering. The first attempt — a frontal assault in which one directly writes down for each scattering sector (i.e., with a specified number of incoming and outgoing particles) a manifestly Lorentz-invariant interaction operator containing momentum-dependent Lorentz scalar amplitudes — led to disaster. The resultant theory led to particle interactions which could not be confined to finite regions of space-time. The second attempt, in which the interaction Hamiltonian is written as a spatial integral of a local, Lorentz (ultra-)scalar field, accomplishes the primary goal of producing a Lorentz-invariant set of scattering amplitudes, but its compliance with the clustering principle remains uncertain. This chapter puts this latter requirement into a precise mathematical framework, called second quantization, so that the process of identifying clustering relativistic scattering theories can be simplified and even to some degree automated.

Keywords:   relativistic quantum field theory, particle scattering, Hamiltonians, Lorentz transformations, clustering principle, second quantization

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