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Black Police Associations – An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Simon Holdaway


This book analyses the new phenomenon of Black Police Associations (BPAs) established in the majority of constabularies in England and Wales. The author takes a sociological and theoretical approach to the subject, in contrast to current criminology, which is more evaluative and policy oriented. The analysis is underpinned with the notion that race and ethnicity are socially constructed: the book describes and analyses how race and ethnicity are constructed and sustained within constabularies, and how they have changed during the last two decades, providing a sociological perspective on unders ... More

Keywords: BPAs, constabularies, criminology, race, ethnicity, post-McPherson policing, racism, ethnicity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780199573448
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Simon Holdaway, author
Head of the School of Law and Professor of Criminology & Sociology at the University of Sheffield