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Causality in the Sciences$
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Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo, and Jon Williamson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199574131

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.001.0001

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Counterfactuals and causal structure

Counterfactuals and causal structure

(p.338) 16 Counterfactuals and causal structure
Causality in the Sciences

Kevin D. Hoover

Oxford University Press

The structural account of causation derives inter alia from Herbert Simon's work on causal order and was developed in Hoover's Causality in Macroeconomics and earlier articles. The structural account easily connects to, enriches, and illuminates graphical or Bayes net approaches to causal representation and is able to handle modular, nonmodular, linear, and nonlinear causal systems. The representation is used to illuminate the mutual relationship between causal structure and counterfactuals, particularly addressing the role of counterfactuals in Woodward's manipulationist account of causation and Cartwright's attack on ‘impostor counterfactuals’.

Keywords:   causation, causal order, causal structure, counterfactuals, James Woodward, Nancy Cartwright, invariance, structural account, manipulability account, causal pluralism, independence, modularity

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