- Title Pages
- List of Contributors
- Chapter 1.1 Soil as a Habitat
- Chapter 1.2 Soil Biodiversity and Functions
- Chapter 1.3 Ecosystem Services Provided by the Soil Biota
- Chapter 2.1 From Single Genes to Microbial Networks
- Chapter 2.2 From Genes to Ecosystems: Plant Genetics as a Link between Above- and Belowground Processes
- Chapter 2.3 Delivery of Soil Ecosystem Services: From Gaia to Genes
- Chapter 3.1 Succession, Resource Processing, and Diversity in Detrital Food Webs
- Chapter 3.2 Patterns of Biodiversity at Fine and Small Spatial Scales
- Chapter 3.3 Linking Soil Biodiversity and Human Health: Do Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Contribute to Food Nutrition?
- Chapter 3.4 Ecosystem Influences of Fungus-Growing Termites in the Dry Paleotropics
- Chapter 3.5 The Biogeography of Microbial Communities and Ecosystem Processes: Implications for Soil and Ecosystem Models
- Chapter 3.6 Biogeography and Phylogenetic Community Structure of Soil Invertebrate Ecosystem Engineers: Global to Local Patterns, Implications for Ecosystem Functioning and Services and Global Environmental Change Impacts
- Chapter 4.1 Climate Change and Soil Biotic Carbon Cycling
- Chapter 4.2 The Impact of Nitrogen Enrichment on Ecosystems and Their Services
- Chapter 4.3 Urbanization, Soils, and Ecosystem Services
- Chapter 4.4 Management of Grassland Systems, Soil, and Ecosystem Services
- Chapter 5.1 Soil Productivity and Erosion
- Chapter 5.2 Agroforestry and Soil Health: Linking Trees, Soil Biota, and Ecosystem Services
- Chapter 5.3 Soil Health: The Concept, Its Role, and Strategies for Monitoring
- Chapter 5.4 Managing Soil Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
- Chapter 5.5 Soil Ecosystem Resilience and Recovery
- Chapter 5.6 Applying Soil Ecological Knowledge to Restore Ecosystem Services
- (p.395) Synthesis
- Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services
Jeffrey E. Herrick
- Oxford University Press
This chapter offers a synthesis of the discussions in Section 5. The chapters support the fundamental role of soil biota in sustaining soil structure and nutrient cycling as the foundation for nearly all ecosystem services, while illustrating the challenges of documenting explicit, consistent relationships. The synthesis discusses five key lessons: 1) the importance of spatial and temporal context for interpreting soil biota–sustainability relationships; 2) the importance of systematic approaches, common methods, and protocols to study soil biota–sustainability relationships; 3) the value of long-term studies for identifying and validating functional relationships, particularly where chronic, cumulative, and acute disturbances are involved; 4) the potential value of local knowledge for identifying, documenting, and monitoring these relationships; and 5) the extent to which hysteresis must be considered to understand and predict the potential contribution of soil biota to resilience and restoration.
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