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Roman Christianity and Roman StoicismA Comparative Study of Ancient Morality$
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Runar M. Thorsteinsson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199578641

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578641.001.0001

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Moral Teachings Compared

Moral Teachings Compared

(p.137) 9 Moral Teachings Compared
Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism

Runar M. Thorsteinsson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This is by far the longest chapter of the study. A number of aspects of Roman Stoic ethics and Roman Christian morality are here considered and compared. This is done under the headings of five broader themes which include questions of similarities and differences with respect to Christian and Stoic views about (a) a particular way of life as proper worship of the deity, (b) certain individuals (like Jesus and Socrates) as paradigms for the proper way of living, (c) the importance of mutual love and care, (d) non-retaliation and ‘love of enemies’, and (e) the social dimension of ethics. In all cases the comparison reveals a basic similarity between the Christian and Stoic sources. It is therefore concluded that Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism are fundamentally similar in terms of morality or ethics.

Keywords:   christianity, stoicism, morality, ethics, similarity, difference

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