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Overcoming Developing Country Debt Crises$
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Barry Herman, José Antonio Ocampo, and Shari Spiegel

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199578788

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578788.001.0001

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The Argentinean Debt

The Argentinean Debt

History, Default, and Restructuring

(p.179) 8 The Argentinean Debt
Overcoming Developing Country Debt Crises

Mario Damill

Roberto Frenkel

Martín Rapetti

Oxford University Press

This chapter avers that the key to understanding the leadup to the Argentinean debt crisis was the particular anti‐inflation and growth strategy—followed first in 1979–81 and in a more radical way in 1991–2001—of fixing the exchange rate, liberalizing the economy, and fully opening it to international financial flows. The chapter shows that funds first rushed into Argentina to take advantage of high nominal interest rates in an inflationary environment, which also helped spur economic recovery. However, later the funds fled the country as confidence in the sustainability of growth and of the exchange rate regime dissipated owing both to real appreciation (domestic inflation, while slowing, still exceeded international rates) and to vulnerability to exogenous shocks in the context of a growing foreign debt burden.

Keywords:   Argentina, debt crisis, fiscal profligacy, exchange rates, public indebtedness, macroeconomic policy

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