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Regulating Health and Environmental Risks under WTO Law – A Critical Analysis of the SPS Agreement - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Regulating Health and Environmental Risks under WTO Law: A Critical Analysis of the SPS Agreement

Lukasz Gruszczynski


The last sixty years witnessed an unprecedented expansion of international trade. The system created by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and later by the World Trade Organization (WTO) has proved to be an efficient tool for the elimination of trade tariff barriers. This process also coincided with the increased national risk regulatory controls. Governments, responding to the demands of their domestic constituencies, have adopted a wide range of regulatory measures aimed at protecting the environment and human health. Although for the most part, these new regulatory initiatives serve ... More

Keywords: environment risk, health risk, international trade, non-tariff barriers, risk analysis, risk regulation, SPS Agreement, trade and regulation, WTO law

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2010 Print ISBN-13: 9780199578924
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578924.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Lukasz Gruszczynski, author
Assistant Professor at the Institute of Legal Studies, Polish Academy of Science