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America and the Law of Nations 1776-1939$
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Mark Weston Janis

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199579341

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579341.001.0001

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Root, Scott, and Taft: Of Peace, and Laws, and Learned Men

Root, Scott, and Taft: Of Peace, and Laws, and Learned Men

(p.144) 8 Root, Scott, and Taft: Of Peace, and Laws, and Learned Men
America and the Law of Nations 1776-1939

Mark Weston Janis

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows how the quest for a good way to enforce the good rules of international law settled on the path long advocated by the American utopians: new international institutions. The Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907 brought forth new treaties and established the Permanent Court of Arbitration. Alongside these hesitant steps towards world government came the American Society of International Law and a new breed of professional international lawyers; among them Elihu Root, James Brown Scott, and William Howard Taft. They were dedicated to building world peace by legalizing the conduct of international relations. They trusted in public opinion as a means of enforcing the law of nations, a trust disappointed by the outbreak of the Great War in 1914.

Keywords:   international law, international institutions, Hague Peace Conference, international treaties

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