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The Representative Claim$
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Michael Saward

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199579389

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579389.001.0001

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The elected and the unelected

The elected and the unelected

(p.82) 4 The elected and the unelected
The Representative Claim

Michael Saward (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter takes the representative claim framework and deploys it to illuminate a range of issues around the controversial issue of non‐elective representation. The characteristic strengths and limits of electoral representation are examined, showing how and why there are gaps in political representation that unelected actors can sometimes fill. A range of examples of non‐elective representative claims are discussed, under three broad headings: deeper roots' representative claims (such as those of monarchs or traditional religious leaders), ‘expertise and special credentials’ claims (such as those of scientific specialists), and ‘wider interests and new voices’ claims (such as those of surrogates and stakeholders). The chapter goes on to examine some of the main modes of reception of representative claims, notably authorisation or connection, on the one hand, and authenticity or independence on the other hand. This account of claim‐reception is crucial groundwork for the discussion in the book's final chapter of how representative claims might be judged in terms of democratic legitimacy.

Keywords:   non‐elective representation, modes of reception, expert representation, limits of elections, surrogate representation, stakeholders

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