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Southern Engines of Global Growth$
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Amelia U. Santos-Paulino and Guanghua Wan

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199580606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580606.001.0001

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Vietnam Following in China's Footsteps: The Third Wave of Emerging Asian Economies

Vietnam Following in China's Footsteps: The Third Wave of Emerging Asian Economies

(p.114) 6 Vietnam Following in China's Footsteps: The Third Wave of Emerging Asian Economies
Southern Engines of Global Growth

Jean‐Raphael Chaponnière

Jean‐Pierre Cling

Bin Zhou

Oxford University Press

Vietnam has been following China's path closely and very successfully for the last two decades since the adoption of ‘doi moi’ in 1986. Over those last two decades, economic growth rates in both countries have been the highest worldwide. The increase of the Vietnamese share of world trade is the highest of all major Asian exporters (including China) since the mid‐1990s. In the current international context, doubts have been raised by some economists concerning the possibility for new Asian countries to take off and join the group of emerging countries. This chapter addresses this question with regard to Vietnam, which joined the WTO at the beginning of 2007. We start by briefly describing economic reform and trade policies in Vietnam, and their results in terms of economic growth and world integration. We then analyse Vietnamese trade specialization and the bilateral relationship with China. Finally, we assess the competition between Vietnam and China on world markets, and show that the export structures are very different. Both countries have benefited from a boom in their textile and clothing exports following the cessation of quotas (in the case of China) and the signing of USBTA (in the case of Vietnam). For Vietnam, reducing the specialization in textiles and clothing and joining the Asian production network in electronics represent a major challenge.

Keywords:   China, export‐led growth, Vietnam, WTO

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