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The Dynamics of EntrepreneurshipEvidence from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Data$
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Maria Minniti

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199580866

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580866.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 March 2021

Poverty and Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries

Poverty and Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries

(p.209) 9 Poverty and Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries
The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship

José Ernesto Amorós

Oscar Cristi

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes the relationship between poverty and entrepreneurship. Previous works have argued that only growth oriented entrepreneurs have a tangible effect on aggregate economic activity. The chapter complements these works by arguing that necessity entrepreneurship influences aggregate economic activity too, especially in developing countries. The chapter hypothesizes that lower per capita income and higher income inequality are positively associated to the number of people pursuing entrepreneurial activities because the latter helps to reduce poverty. The chapter tests the hypotheses using GEM data, the Human Development Index, and World Bank Governance Indicators. The results support our intuition and show that total and necessity early-stage entrepreneurship both have a positive effect on countries´ poverty reduction trends.

Keywords:   entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial motivations, poverty, necessity entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurship, Human Development Index, GEM, World Bank Governance Indicators

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