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Foreign Aid for DevelopmentIssues, Challenges, and the New Agenda$
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George Mavrotas

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199580934

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580934.001.0001

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Foreign Aid and Economic Development in Post‐war Lebanon

Foreign Aid and Economic Development in Post‐war Lebanon

(p.179) 8 Foreign Aid and Economic Development in Post‐war Lebanon
Foreign Aid for Development

Ghassan Dibeh

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows that foreign aid in post-war Lebanon passed through two phases with distinct features that have had far reaching implications for post-war development. In the first phase lasting from 1992-97, foreign aid was mainly channelled towards providing resources for post-war reconstruction projects. The second phase from 1997 to the present witnessed a qualitative shift in foreign aid utilization from reconstruction needs towards financial stability and balance-of-payments equilibrium needs. This shift allowed the government to intervene in the foreign exchange market, maintained balance of payments surpluses during this period, reduced interest rates on public debt instruments and finally provided the necessary liquidity and ‘confidence’ for the government to continue borrowing funds from local commercial banks and foreign investors. More importantly this shift in foreign aid allowed the government to avoid financial and currency crises in 2002. However, the cost of such a qualitative shift was large in terms of fiscal management, diversion of funds from reconstruction, and the increased dependency of the Lebanese economy on foreign aid for stabilization purposes.

Keywords:   foreign aid, post-war reconstruction, post-conflict, Lebanon

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