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Following OsirisPerspectives on the Osirian Afterlife from Four Millenia$
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Mark Smith

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199582228

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582228.001.0001

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Unreading the Pyramid Texts. So Who is Osiris?

Unreading the Pyramid Texts. So Who is Osiris?

(p.107) 3 Unreading the Pyramid Texts. So Who is Osiris?
Following Osiris

Mark Smith

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates the earliest evidence for the god Osiris in royal and non-royal sources of the Old Kingdom and explores how these conceptualize the relationship between him and the deceased. Particular attention is devoted to the problems involved in using ritual texts as a source of evidence and what these can tell us about Egyptian aspirations for the afterlife. The conclusion reached is that the relationship between Osiris and the dead envisaged by the Egyptians of this time was fundamentally the same for royalty and non-royalty. Both kings and their subjects were distinct from the god and subordinate to him, relying upon Osiris and other deities to supply their needs in the afterlife.

Keywords:   origin of Osiris, Pyramid Texts, ritual discourse, ritual contingency, mastabas, offering formulas, identification

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