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Ulster Since 1600Politics, Economy, and Society$
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Liam Kennedy and Philip Ollerenshaw

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583119

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583119.001.0001

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Migration and Emigration, 1600–1945

Migration and Emigration, 1600–1945

(p.140) 9 Migration and Emigration, 1600–1945
Ulster Since 1600

Donald M. MacRaild

Malcolm Smith

Oxford University Press

Ulster in the seventeenth century was a province of aggressive inward migration. In the succeeding three centuries it was a region of net outward migration. The descendants of the Scottish and English newcomers laid the basis for commercial enterprises which made east Ulster the most economically advanced region in Ireland. Yet Ulster continued to send thousands of migrants across the Atlantic to north America. Presbyterians, of Scottish descent, dominated these outflows. From the later eighteenth century onwards many migrants found their way to Britain and to Scotland in particular. Thus, one of the largest concentrations of Scots outside of Scotland was to be found in Belfast. As with so much else, industry and industrialization animated these cross-channel movements. More generally, movements of people in recent centuries can be related to Ulster's positioning within a British and an Atlantic world that was experiencing unprecedented economic, social and demographic change.

Keywords:   migration, emigration, Scotland, Ulster Scots, newcomers, America, Presbyterians, industrialization, Belfast

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