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Ulster Since 1600Politics, Economy, and Society$
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Liam Kennedy and Philip Ollerenshaw

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583119

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583119.001.0001

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The Early Modern Economy, 1600–1780

The Early Modern Economy, 1600–1780

(p.12) 1 The Early Modern Economy, 1600–1780
Ulster Since 1600

Raymond Gillespie

Oxford University Press

The crushing of the old Gaelic order in the early 1600s and the subsequent Plantation of Ulster ushered in fundamental changes to the economy, governance and land ownership. Settlers from England and Scotland filtered into Ulster, altering the ethnic balance and complicating the religious and political mix. The commercialisation of the economy proceeded apace under the rule of common law. New towns, markets and fairs, emerged during the course of the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries. The export of linen cloth was the great success story. Farming and linen manufacture remained the mainstays of the largely agrarian economy but its fragility was exposed from time to time as poor harvests, disease, and trade depressions cut deeply into living standards. Nonetheless, the economic progress made in Ulster, by comparison with other regions in Ireland, was impressive.

Keywords:   plantation, settlers, ethnicity, markets, fairs, common law, linen, proto-industry, trade depression, farming

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