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Evolution of Emotional CommunicationFrom Sounds in Nonhuman Mammals to Speech and Music in Man$
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Eckart Altenmüller, Sabine Schmidt, and Elke Zimmermann

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583560.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 January 2022

Emotional communication in African elephants (Loxodonta africana)

Emotional communication in African elephants (Loxodonta africana)

(p.105) Chapter 7 Emotional communication in African elephants (Loxodonta africana)
Evolution of Emotional Communication

Joseph Soltis

Oxford University Press

African elephants (Loxodonta africana) are thought by many to experience rich emotional lives. One window into the emotional lives of animals is through an examination of emotion as expressed in the voice. Here I review the evidence for the vocal expression of emotions in African elephants. In doing so, I also speculate as to how complex vocal communication systems in elephants and other animals could have evolved from simple vocal expressions of basic emotions.

Keywords:   Proboscidea, emotions, vocal affect, referential signaling, alarm call

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