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The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez$
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Benjamin Hill and Henrik Lagerlund

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583645

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583645.001.0001

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Shadows of Beings: Francisco Suárez’s Entia Rationis

Shadows of Beings: Francisco Suárez’s Entia Rationis

(p.57) 3 Shadows of Beings: Francisco Suárez’s Entia Rationis
The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez

Christopher Shields

Oxford University Press

Beings of reason present metaphysicians with an interesting dilemma—they can be thought about even though there are no such things; yet to be thought about it would seem that they must have some kind of being. In this essay it is argued that Suárez presented a sophisticated alternative to Meinongism that is absent from contemporary discussions of beings of reason. Suárez’s doctrine is analysed in terms of ‘tethered counterfactuals’—they are tethered because they and their being are tied to acts of intellection and counterfactual because the intellect treats them as if they existed even though they do not.

Keywords:   Francisco Suárez, beings of reason, Meinongism, metaphysics

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