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Matter MattersMetaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period$
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Kurt Smith

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583652

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.001.0001

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Plato's Early and Late Methods

Plato's Early and Late Methods

(p.29) 2 Plato's Early and Late Methods
Matter Matters

Kurt Smith (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, Plato is shown to have developed two methods of investigation: the first is his method of hypothesis, the second his method of collection and division. This latter method was a method of classification, which emerged as the method of analysis. The chapter shows how this method produces a scheme of categories, which looks to be the system of ideas or forms. The chapter explains how the method relates to the division of objects as established by the divided line analogy.

Keywords:   Plato, Aristotle, method, classification, category, ideas, forms

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