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Frontiers of ViolenceConflict and Identity in Ulster and Upper Silesia 1918-1922$
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Timothy Wilson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583713

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583713.001.0001

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Loyalism and Violence

Loyalism and Violence

(p.75) 2 Loyalism and Violence
Frontiers of Violence

T. K. Wilson

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the loyalist militants that sought to keep Ulster within the United Kingdom and Upper Silesia within the German Reich through participation in violence. It compares the relationship of these militants to the state and wider loyal communities that they claimed to defend. Here, the far greater willingness of German loyalists in Upper Silesia to indulge in transgressive practices such as rape and mutilation is noted. It is argued that loyalist violence in Ulster and Upper Silesia served differing purposes at the local level. Loyalist violence in Ulster was primarily concerned with the limited task of maintaining an existing boundary between rival communities that could be easily defended. By contrast, loyalist violence was more concerned with the much more ambitious task of creating a ‘national’ boundary within what remained a recognisably homogenous Upper Silesian society.

Keywords:   Northern Ireland, Ulster, Upper Silesia, communal boundary, loyalism, Ulster loyalism, atrocity, rape, mutilation

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