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Environmental Tax Reform (ETR)A Policy for Green Growth$
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Paul Ekins and Stefan Speck

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199584505

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584505.001.0001

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Implications of ETR in Europe for Household Distribution

Implications of ETR in Europe for Household Distribution

(p.236) Chapter 10 Implications of ETR in Europe for Household Distribution
Environmental Tax Reform (ETR)

Daniel Blobel

Holger Gerdes

Hector Pollitt

Jennifer Barton

Thomas Drosdowski

Christian Lutz

Marc Ingo Wolter

Paul Ekins (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks in depth at the possible implications of ETR for household distribution. It starts with a literature review, which shows that ETR in principle can be regressive, especially when it applies to household energy use, but that there are various ways in which this regressive effect can be mitigated. It then proceeds to analyse, using the E3ME model, the ETR scenarios described in Chapter 9. Because in this case the ETR increases household income, the income for all household groups increases, but in general those for middle quintiles increase by a smaller proportion than for the top and bottom quintiles. A rather different pattern emerges from a distributional analysis of an ETR for German households, when clearly regressive effects are apparent, but these are small, and could therefore largely be removed using revenues from the ETR.

Keywords:   energy use, household income, households, regressive effects

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