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Environmental Tax Reform (ETR)A Policy for Green Growth$
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Paul Ekins and Stefan Speck

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199584505

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584505.001.0001

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European Resource Use and Resource Productivity in a Global Context

European Resource Use and Resource Productivity in a Global Context

(p.27) 2 European Resource Use and Resource Productivity in a Global Context
Environmental Tax Reform (ETR)

Stefan Giljum

Christian Lutz

Ariane Jungnitz

Martin Bruckner

Friedrich Hinterberger

Oxford University Press

Europe's economy is to a significant and growing degree dependent on imports of natural resources from other world regions. While the overall level of resource use in Europe has stabilized in the past 20 years, a shift of the environmental burden through international trade can be observed, with growing physical imports and associated indirect material flows and increasing substitution of domestic material extraction, in particular with regard to fossil fuels and metal ores. Based on the results of a new trade-material flow model, this chapter analyses the physical dimension of European trade relations with other world regions and the implications for EU policies aiming to increase resource productivity.

Keywords:   environmental burden, natural resources, resource productivity, trade

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