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Environmental Tax Reform (ETR)A Policy for Green Growth$
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Paul Ekins and Stefan Speck

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199584505

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584505.001.0001

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Models for Projecting the Impacts of ETR

Models for Projecting the Impacts of ETR

Chapter:
(p.175) Chapter 8 Models for Projecting the Impacts of ETR
Source:
Environmental Tax Reform (ETR)
Author(s):

Terry Barker

Christian Lutz

Bernd Meyer

Hector Pollitt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584505.003.0008

The chapter describes the main modelling tools, E3ME and GINFORS, which were used to provide a quantitative analysis of the effects of ETR, and sets out the models’ underlying assumptions and simplifications that play a large role in determining the magnitude and direction of the models’ results. The chapter also identifies areas in which the models’ results are likely to differ, particularly with regard to the intended impacts of ETR, and considers how the treatment of revenues from environmental taxes and charges affects the results of modelling ETRs. The detailed application of the models to ETR is then described, outlining the lines of causality between such variables as energy prices, energy demand, output of different industrial sectors, real incomes, and household expenditure, without quantifying the results, but identifying the likely direction of the different impacts and potential indirect effects.

Keywords:   ETR, revenues, environmental taxes, causality, energy prices, energy demand, household expenditure

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