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The Varieties of Pension GovernancePension Privatization in Europe$
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Bernhard Ebbinghaus

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199586028

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.001.0001

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Italy: From Bismarckian Pensions to Multipillarization under Adverse Conditions

Italy: From Bismarckian Pensions to Multipillarization under Adverse Conditions

(p.151) 6 Italy: From Bismarckian Pensions to Multipillarization under Adverse Conditions
The Varieties of Pension Governance

Matteo Jessoula

Oxford University Press

In Italy, the move from a dominant public pension pillar based on a pay-as-you-go-financed Bismarckian social insurance towards a multipillar system is an instructive example of a ‘top-down’ process pursued by governments in order to compensate for the far-reaching pension reforms in the 1990s. Change began during difficult socio-economic and financial conditions when policymakers opted to exploit the pre-existing severance-pay scheme as an ‘institutional gate’ in order to boost private supplementary pensions. However, this strategy ruled out compulsory affiliation to the new funded schemes, thereby limiting their potential coverage. The establishment of supplementary pensions has recently given rise to a ‘new politics’ putting pressure on policymakers, employers, and trade unions for regulatory harmonization between occupational funds and personal pension schemes.

Keywords:   Italy, Bismarckian social insurance, pension reform, multipillar pension system, public pension, occupational pensions, severance pay, employers, trade unions

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