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Revolutions that made the Earth - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Revolutions that made the Earth

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson


The Earth that sustains us today was born out of a few remarkable, near-catastrophic revolutions, started by biological innovations and marked by global environmental consequences. The revolutions have certain features in common, such as an increase in complexity, energy utilisation, and information processing by life. This book describes these revolutions, showing the fundamental interdependence of the evolution of life and its non-living environment. We would not exist unless these upheavals had led eventually to ‘successful’ outcomes – meaning that after each one, at length, a new stable wo ... More

Keywords: biological innovations, energy utilisation, information processing, evolution of life, non-living environment, Earth system revolution, humanity, Earth system, scientific synthesis

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780199587049
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Tim Lenton, author
University of Exeter, UK

Andrew Watson, author
University of East Anglia, UK