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Poverty and Deprivation in Europe$
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Brian Nolan and Christopher T. Whelan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588435.001.0001

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Comparing Poverty Indicators in an Enlarged EU

Comparing Poverty Indicators in an Enlarged EU

(p.122) 7 Comparing Poverty Indicators in an Enlarged EU
Poverty and Deprivation in Europe

Brian Nolan

Christopher T. Whelan

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the relative merits of different poverty indicators in relation to their capacity to capture variation in poverty across countries and patterns of socio-economic differentiation in who is affected within countries. It is organized as follows. Section 7.2 compares these alternative indicators of poverty and exclusion in terms of variation across welfare regimes and socio-economic profiles, and discusses which are most closely aligned with expectations of how a satisfactory measure would behave. Section 7.3 describes how the alternative measures of poverty and exclusion are constructed, and Section 7.4 sets out the variation they lead to across welfare regimes. Section 7.5 looks at the extent and nature of variation in these measures when one combines welfare regime with principal economic status. Sections 7.6–7.10 look in more detail at each of the indicators in turn and the patterns they produce. Section 7.11 considers the relationship between subjectively experienced economic stress and these poverty measures across welfare regimes, while Section 7.12 concludes.

Keywords:   poverty measures, European countries, socio-economic profiles, welfare regimes, exclusion, economic stress

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