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Poverty and Deprivation in Europe$
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Brian Nolan and Christopher T. Whelan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588435.001.0001

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Economic Vulnerability and Multiple Deprivation: Welfare State and Social Class Variation

Economic Vulnerability and Multiple Deprivation: Welfare State and Social Class Variation

Chapter:
(p.145) 8 Economic Vulnerability and Multiple Deprivation: Welfare State and Social Class Variation
Source:
Poverty and Deprivation in Europe
Author(s):

Brian Nolan

Christopher T. Whelan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588435.003.0008

This chapter explores further the possibilities afforded by the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions data set to implement a multidimensional approach to the measurement of social exclusion. It begins by discussing the concept of social exclusion and how it relates to the notion of ‘vulnerability’, conceptualized as insecurity and exposure to risk and shocks. It then goes on to an empirical investigation of vulnerability by applying the statistical techniques of latent class analysis to indicators of household low income, life-style deprivation, and subjective economic stress in a manner described in Section 8.3. The patterning of vulnerability at national, welfare regime, and European levels is examined in Sections 8.4 and 8.5. Section 8.6 examines how vulnerability is associated with wider patterns of multidimensional deprivation, while Section 8.7 summarizes key conclusions.

Keywords:   living conditions, social exclusion, latent class analysis, household low income, life-style deprivation, economic stress, welfare regime

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