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‘We have no king but Christ’Christian Political Thought in Greater Syria on the Eve of the Arab Conquest (c.400-585)$
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Philip Wood

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588497

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588497.001.0001

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The Julian Romance

The Julian Romance

(p.132) 5 The Julian Romance
‘We have no king but Christ’

Philip Wood (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The final three chapters examine the disparate ways in which Edessene and Suryoyo identities evolved in the course of the Christological controversies of the fifth and sixth centuries. This chapter discusses the Edessene Julian Romance, a hagiographical history written in the sixth century about the fourth‐century reign of Julian the apostate. Unlike the Doctrina, this text presents Edessa as the donation of Constantine to Christ, and expresses Edessa's special position in much more Roman terms. In this text, the history ofJulian's reign is invoked to undermine Edessa's sixth‐ century opponents, Antioch and Constantinople and to assert the conditional nature of imperial authority. If Edessa belonged to Christ, then the emperor's right to the allegiance of the city depended on his orthodoxy, lest the city be rules by ‘a friend of the Jews’.

Keywords:   Julian Romance, Edessa, Miaphysite, Antioch, Constantinople, Rome, Jews, Harran

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