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‘We have no king but Christ’Christian Political Thought in Greater Syria on the Eve of the Arab Conquest (c.400-585)$
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Philip Wood

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199588497

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588497.001.0001

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A Miaphysite Commonwealth

A Miaphysite Commonwealth

(p.209) 7 A Miaphysite Commonwealth
‘We have no king but Christ’

Philip Wood (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This final chapter investigates how the kind of political and historical ideas employed among Syriac‐speaking Miaphysites in Mesopotamia were exported elsewhere in the Roman world, focl1sing on the border zones of Rome's conflict with Persia, on Yemen (Himyar) and the lands controlled by the Ghassanid Arab federation (centred in modern‐day northern Jordan). The persecuted missionary church of Miaphysites exported a distinctive paradigm ofhistory, by which new Christian territories such as Himyar could repeat the defining moments of Christian nationhood, the experience of martyrdom and the overthrow of the Jews. Moreover, while this struggle was part of a wider struggle against the Jews, it did not tie Himyar into the political orbit of the Roman lfmpire. It is this evolution of a self‐sufficient political thought in the communities of the late Roman and post‐Roman east that is one of the most important achievements of Miaphysitism in the Syriac‐speaking world.

Keywords:   Himyar, Yemen, Ghassanid, Jafnid, Border, Frontier, Paradigm of history, Political thought, Diaspora, Arab

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