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Calendars in Antiquity – Empires, States, and Societies - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Calendars in Antiquity: Empires, States, and Societies

Sacha Stern


This book offers a study of the calendars of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Persia, Greece, Rome, Gaul, and all other parts of the Mediterranean and the Near East, from the origins up to and including Jewish and Christian calendars in late Antiquity. Particular attention is given to the structure of calendars and their political context. Most ancient calendars were set and controlled by political rulers; they served as expressions of political power, as mechanisms of social control, and sometimes, on the contrary, as assertions of political independence and dissidence. Ancient calendars were very ... More

Keywords: calendar, Antiquity, structure, political, scientific, lunar, solar, empires, diversity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199589449
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589449.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Sacha Stern, author
Professor of Rabbinic Judaism, Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, University College London