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TimeLanguage, Cognition, and Reality$
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Kasia M. Jaszczolt and Louis de Saussure

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199589876

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589876.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 September 2021

An account of English tense and aspect in Cognitive Grammar

An account of English tense and aspect in Cognitive Grammar

(p.210) 10 An account of English tense and aspect in Cognitive Grammar

Frank Brisard

Oxford University Press

I offer an overview of the theoretical prerequisites underlying the semantic analysis of tense and aspect in Cognitive Grammar (CG), with a specific focus on the English verb paradigm. Particular attention is paid to the treatment of grammatical aspect in CG, both in terms of the systematic contrast between perfectivity vs. imperfectivity and with regard to the uses in English of the progressive and the perfect construction, respectively. It is proposed that tense/aspect markers refer essentially to modal concerns on the part of the speaker/conceptualizer, and that the temporal (and modal) meanings conveyed by them should be analyzed as instantiations of a common epistemic schema. Consequently, an exhaustive semantic analysis of tense and aspect marking should ideally be concerned with establishing such a core schematic meaning for any given construction, elaborating on the meaning types that emerge in interaction with contexts of use in the form of a semantic map.

Keywords:   aspect, Cognitive Grammar, imperfective/perfective, English, grounding (predication), epistemic modality, tense

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