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Reconfiguring Knowledge ProductionChanging Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation$
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Richard Whitley, Jochen Gläser, and Lars Engwall

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199590193

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 January 2021

Reconfiguring the Public Sciences

Reconfiguring the Public Sciences

The Impact of Governance Changes on Authority and Innovation in Public Science Systems

(p.3) 1 Reconfiguring the Public Sciences
Reconfiguring Knowledge Production

Richard Whitley (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter suggests how the major changes that have taken place in the organization and direction of the public science system (PSS) since the end of the Second World War have altered authority relationships governing research priorities and the assessment of results in different kinds of PSS, and how these shifts in authority have had varying effects on intellectual innovation and integration. It first summarizes the key differences between six ideal types of PSS in terms of the relative authority of the state, intellectual elites, and employers in guiding intellectual goals and evaluating approaches. Second, it outlines how the six shifts in governance of public science systems have affected the authority of six different groups and organizations over research activities. Next, it suggests how these changes in the relative authority of different groups and agencies can be expected to influence patterns of intellectual coordination and innovation in the public sciences in general. Finally, the chapter examines how these connections between changes in authority and the generation and selection of intellectual innovations in different societies are likely to be affected by the key features of the six different kinds of PSS. An overview of the subsequent chapters is presented.

Keywords:   public science system, governance, public services, government authority, research priorities, intellectual innovations

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