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Molinism – The Contemporary Debate - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Molinism: The Contemporary Debate

Ken Perszyk


Molinism, named after the 16th century Spanish Jesuit Luis de Molina, re‐emerged in the 1970s after it was unwittingly assumed in versions of Alvin Plantinga's Free Will Defence against the Logical Argument from Evil. The Molinist notion of middle knowledge——and especially its main objects, so‐called counterfactuals of (creaturely) freedom—have been the subject of vigorous debate in analytical philosophy of religion ever since. Is middle knowledge logically coherent? Is it a benefit or a liability overall for a satisfying account of divine providence? The essays in this collection examine the ... More

Keywords: Molinism, Molina, middle knowledge, counterfactuals of freedom, anti‐Molinist, providence, foreknowledge, freedom, free will, libertarianism, evil

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780199590629
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590629.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ken Perszyk, editor
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand