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Mechanisms of OECD GovernanceInternational Incentives for National Policy-Making?$
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Kerstin Martens and Anja P. Jakobi

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199591145

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591145.001.0001

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The OECD and Crime: The Fight against Corruption and Money Laundering

The OECD and Crime: The Fight against Corruption and Money Laundering

(p.139) Chapter 7 The OECD and Crime: The Fight against Corruption and Money Laundering
Mechanisms of OECD Governance

Anja P. Jakobi

Oxford University Press

Chapter 7 analyzes OECD activities in the field of crime control, focusing on corruption and money laundering. Both aspects have witnessed growing international concern during the 1990s, and various international activities have been started to criminalize and prosecute corruption and money laundering across countries. While each of these crimes seriously impact both politics and the economy, the political solutions found in the context of the OECD have been very different: Corruption has been tackled by an OECD convention and emerged as a core issue of OECD activities and publications, while money laundering has been treated by the Financial Action Taskforce (FATF), a semi‐autonomous agency that is formally independent of the OECD but is based in the organization's building and has a widely overlapping membership. The chapter reconstructs the political process that led to the emergence of both models, showing how different conditions on the input side resulted in different models of fighting financial crime.

Keywords:   OECD, corruption, money laundering, FATF, international political economy, USA, compliance, global governance

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