This chapter reviews recent literature and experimental studies on memory and learning development in people with Williams syndrome (WS). Following a developmental perspective, it reports on the strengths and impairments that characterise the end state of the memory profile in individuals with WS and mentions how memory changes with development. Furthermore, consistent with a neuroconstructivist perspective, it discusses the distinct memory profiles in WS in relation with the developmental interactions between genes, brain, environment, and behaviour. Before exploring the characteristics of memory in WS, the chapter briefly introduces relevant theories of memory.
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