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Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the LifespanA neuroconstructivist approach$
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Emily K. Farran and Annette Karmiloff-Smith

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199594818

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.001.0001

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Future theoretical and empirical directions within a neuroconstructivist framework

(p.363) Conclusion
Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan

Annette Karmiloff-Smith

Emily K. Farran

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses how a neuroconstructivist, multidisciplinary approach enriches our understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders. The neuroconstructivist approach raises cross-syndrome questions at multiple levels of analysis, such as: is this brain/cognitive/behavioural deficit syndrome-specific or is it syndrome-general, that is, is it characteristic of all atypical development where learning difficulties obtain or unique to a particular syndrome? It differentiates domain-relevant mechanisms from domain-specific or domain-general ones. It also searches for very low-level impairments in the neonate profile — at the levels of brain, cognition, and behaviour — that might affect gene expression and have cascading effects on developmental outcomes.

Keywords:   neurodevelopmental disorders, neuroconstructivist approach, cross-syndrome, domain-relevant mechanisms, domain-general mechanisms

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