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The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of SensibilityScience and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760$
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Stephen Gaukroger

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199594931

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 August 2020

The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

(p.55) 2 The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility

Stephen Gaukroger (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

It was around Newton's Principia that most of the issues in eighteenth‐century natural philosophy hinged. The chapter explores the differences between the prevailing cosmological system, that of Descartes, and that of Newton. It offers an exposition of the three books of the Principia, with a view to identifying what Newton's successors took up and what they rejected. Newton's problems with the physics of fluids and with gravity are explored.

Keywords:   René Descartes, cosmological system, Isaac Newton, gravity, fluids, force

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