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The Universe As We Find It$
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John Heil

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199596201

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.001.0001

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The Ontological Turn

The Ontological Turn

(p.274) Chapter 13 The Ontological Turn
The Universe As We Find It

John Heil

Oxford University Press

This chapter is a summary of conclusions reached in preceding chapters. The fundamental things, or perhaps arrangements of the fundamental things, serve as truthmakers for all the truths that have truthmakers. Although fundamental physics is in the business of providing accounts of the fundamental things, physics has no monopoly on the truths. Everyday truths and truths of the special sciences are neither reducible to nor replaceable by truths of physics. Reduction is not on the cards. This does not imply an ontology of levels of being or levels of reality, each level corresponding to an autonomous science. The mistake is to imagine that there is a direct route from taxonomy to ontology. An ontology of substances and properties, where properties are modes, powerful qualities, provides both a framework in which physical theory can be developed empirically, and truthmaking resources for truths of the manifest image.

Keywords:   truthmaker, truth, ontology, physics, special sciences, reduction, level, quality, power, manifest image

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