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Between EmpiresArabs, Romans, and Sasanians in Late Antiquity$
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Greg Fisher

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199599271

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599271.001.0001

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Between Empires: The Jafnids, The Naṣrids, And Late Antiquity 1

Between Empires: The Jafnids, The Naṣrids, And Late Antiquity 1

(p.173) 5 Between Empires: The Jafnids, The Naṣrids, And Late Antiquity1
Between Empires

Greg Fisher (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, the discussion turns to the ‘end’ of the Jafnid dynasty in its attempt to explain why and how the Roman Empire ended its relationship with its Arab clients. It posits that the Jafnids had begun to exercise unacceptable levels of power which rendered them unpopular and troublesome, and susceptible to sanction, like other Roman clients before them,. A similar situation was found in the east, where the Sasanians also chose to eliminate their Nasrid Arab allies. A part of the difficulties which the Jafnid leader al‐Mundhir experienced is to be found in the shifting religious landscape of the 6th century, particularly the increasing liabilities incurred by supporters of the miaphysite position. Arguing that the primary cause of the Jafnid demise was political, therefore, it rejects recent arguments which lay the blame on social and economic factors, such as the Justinianic plague and the economic decline in Late Antiquity.

Keywords:   Plague, miaphysites, economic decline, clients, Jafnids, Nasrids, Sasanians

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