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Global Migration Governance$
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Alexander Betts

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199600458

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600458.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 25 January 2022

International Travel

International Travel

(p.109) 4 International Travel
Global Migration Governance

Rey Koslowski

Oxford University Press

The chapter examines international travel in terms of the development of international norms and regulations; current politics of international cooperation on international travel and consider trajectories for future global governance in this issue area. The chapter examines international norms regarding nationality, passports, and visas as well as the regulatory activities of relevant international organizations (e.g. IMO, ICAO, UNWTO, WTO). The politics of cooperation on international travel revolve around the facilitation of increasing flows, travel as a factor of trade and development, the environmental impact of growing travel flows and securing international travel. Steps towards an increasingly sophisticated framework for the global governance of international travel include the further adoption of WTO GATS 4 commitments on business travel visas, specific protocols on human smuggling and trafficking within international treaties, cooperation within ICAO to develop a global framework for the exchange of passenger name record data (PNR) and advance passenger information (API), as well as changing norms among states in favour of deploying technologies such as biometrics and Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) systems to capture data.

Keywords:   international travel, travel regime, ICAO, passports, visas, nationality, biometrics, business, tourism

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